What is Pelvic Adhesive Disease?
Pelvic adhesive disease is a condition that occurs when adhesions (scar tissue) causes your internal tissues and organs to stick together. Pelvic adhesions are common after abdominal or pelvic surgery, and can also be caused by infections, abdominal trauma or endometriosis. Many individuals that have pelvic adhesions don’t have any symptoms.
Pelvic Adhesive Disease Symptoms
Some common symptoms of pelvic adhesive disease include:
- Abdominal cramping/pelvic pain
- Bowel obstruction
Pelvic Adhesive Disease and Infertility
Adhesions that form around the fallopian tubes or ovaries are a common cause of infertility. The adhesions may prevent the sperm from fertilizing the egg or may prevent the embryo from traveling down the fallopian tube into the uterus, which cause an ectopic pregnancy.
How Are Pelvic Adhesions Diagnosed?
There are several ways to diagnosis pelvic adhesions:
- Hysterosalpingogram (HSG): An x-ray procedure during which dye is introduced into the uterus through the cervix and passed through the fallopian tubes.
- Hysteroscopy: A thin, lighted tube is inserted into the vagina to examine the cervix and inside of the uterus.
- Laparoscopy: A fiber-optic instrument is inserted through a small incision in abdominal wall to view the organs in the abdomen.
Pelvic Adhesive Disease Treatment
Depending on the location and severity of the pelvic adhesions, surgical repair may be possible. For those struggling with infertility, in vitro fertilization (IVF) is often a successful form of treatment for women with pelvic adhesive disease.